What is coggins

Discussion in 'Horse Health' started by merlin, Feb 29, 2008.

  1. merlin

    merlin Senior Member

    Jan 26, 2007
    Likes Received:
    well I see that there is alot of talk bout coggins just wondering what it is.
    I live in British columbia Canada and my vet doesnt really mention it is it a big deal?
    any info will help thanks:blushing:
  2. lovemyshy

    lovemyshy Senior Member+

    Nov 3, 2004
    Likes Received:
    It tests for Equine Infectious Aenemia (sp?). I really don't think its a common disease in Canada which is why you don't hear about it much here. You do for sure need it if you are hauling to the state side though, and I had to have one for my horses where I board at before I moved them there.

    It is transmitted through biting insects like mosquitos.

    Where abouts in BC are you from?
  3. paintedquarters

    paintedquarters Senior Member

    Jan 3, 2008
    Likes Received:
    Here is some info for you.

    Equine Infectious Anemia is a viral disease for which there is no vaccine and no cure.
    Though most horses succumb rapidly to EIA a percentage of infected horses appear to recover.
    However they still harbor the virus and during times of stress may become ill again.
    It is because of these healthy appearing carriers that we test horses. It insures that we do not put their pasture mates at risk.

    Recently we have learned more about the transmission of this disease. The disease is spread by horseflies.
    The large horsefly is the main vector.
    If they bite an infected horse and then bite a healthy horse, the disease gets transmitted.
    The virus does not live for very long on the horsefly, maybe as little as fifteen or thirty minutes.
    So for one horse to infect another they must be close to each other. This disease occurs anywhere horseflies live.

    To insure that an animal is not harboring the virus a simple test is performed, the Coggins test.

    Some states now require a negative Coggins test on a horse before he can be sold. Before you travel check to see how recent a test is required because it differs from place to place.



  4. ejforrest

    ejforrest Senior Member+

    Jan 14, 2004
    Likes Received:
    "Equine Infectious Anemia(EIA-also known as Coggins Disease) is a disease caused by a virus that produces anemia, intermittent fever, severe weight loss,profuse sweating and rapid breathing. Horses, ponies, mules, and donkeys are the only animals known to be affected by the virus. Once an animal is infected with the virus it is infected for life, regardless of the severity of the symptoms. No treatment is effective against the EIA virus."

    "Any positive animal will be freeze branded on the neck to identify them as Michigan EIA reactors."

    If any horse has EIA, the horse owner will have three options:
    1. Have the EIA animal(s) euthanized.
    2. Isolate all EIA animals at least one-quarter mile from all non-infected animals.
    3. Isolate the EIA animals in an insect-free enclosure.

Share This Page