I don't know how many of you saw the post I made on impulsion a while back but I am still stuggling with getting her to use her hindquarters. She does not seem to know how to back up under saddle so I don't know if that is a contributing factor in her not using impulsion. She does it well on the ground. I will ask her to stop, I will ask with my seat and legs she will not back. I reinforce with my reins and use only enough pressure to get a reaction out of her. Sis will side step, walk forward, do a series of stopping then walking forward, throwing her head, etc. until backing is one of her last options. Her tack fits, she does great in her bit and is not in pain. Yesterday I took her out but I used a halter this time. This was the process I was going through... 1. Ask with seat and legs 2. Feather my reins (this is where she usually backs up) 3. If she doesn't respond or continues to walk forward, feather a little more agressively (I have not had to go any further than this) It seemed to help. As for using her hindquarters I have tried hill work, asking her to go forward then stopping (and sometimes turning or "backing" or "backing" then turning) and trotting off immediately. My latest attempt has been trot poles which I set a little over four feet apart. I don't know anyone who I can get any sort of dressage lessons from who does it correctly. The only one I know/know of is my previous instructor. No need to go there. Nothing seems to be helping and I am beginning to think she has no idea how to use her hindquarters. Supposeably she was shown western pleasure but I don't see any signs that she could have possbily shown western pleasure other than her lack of worry in new places which is more than likely from being in drill team for most of her riding career. She will throw her head up when doing walk-trot, walk-canter and trot-canter transitions which I was told is a lack of impulsion therefore by throwing their head they are trying to create some energy to move forward. Any ideas?