So biting or threatening to bite is what I know to be a signal of “stop that, you’re hurting me.” If not in the obvious violent manner. I’ve introduced 2 new boarders on my property. All 4 horses have lived together before, before I bought Henry. Well there was some scuffling and Henry was promtly put at the bottom of the herd, he actually is separated because they were driving him from hay and injuring him. They ripped off his shoe and his bell boot! Anyways. Back at the barn to ride and have shoe put back on. Brushing his chest and he threatens to bite. Switch to a softer brush, still threatening. So I palpate for any injuries to his chest and there may be some bruising that is obviously not visible. No breaks to the skin. Is this a likely scenario? Do you reprimand for threatening to bite if it’s used to communicate pain? He has never bit me but has threatened to in situations like this. Perhaps it is my fault he has escalated to this level when there are obvious other way to communicate such as body tension and ears that I probably missed before. Thoughts? To clarify I did not reprimand him just now or give threatening body language in return, I stopped to listen and change what I was doing for his benefit. Also don’t want to take crap from him either if you know what I mean.