Here are the notes I have for Labor. Now mares can't read and don't always follow the same regimine. BUT, mares, from foal to foal, will be the same on average. So, here we go. Distension of the Udder 4-6 wks before Relaxation of teh Croup, Jelly-like 7-10 days Filling of the Teats, 4-6 days Waxy buildup 2-4 days Dripping of Milk, 24-48 hours You can get some water hardening test strips from a water company. Check to see calcification in the milk and if so, 24-48 hours definitly. DONT squeeze milk. Only do it if it is dripping to make sure this isn't false. Some mares can drip twice, but only one will be true milk. Different things to know False Labor, ing, groaning, getting up and down, may last 3-4 days Actual Delivery 15-30 minutes. Streaming milk, sweating, Colic like symptoms, water breaking, see parts of foal, Heavy breathing, groaning, tail up and over. Post delivery takes 3 weeks. Labor and Contractions are SO powerful, rarely will a mare have delivery problems. Foal WILL come out regardless. 2 front feet will present first, soles pointed down. Chin should be laying between knees and pastern. Mare can and will stand up sometimes after you see the feet, and foal will slip back down. Will resume. If you see soles up, rear feet, etc, GET MARE TO STAND UP and call vet ASAP. If disturbed during labor, can cause mare to stand up and STOP labor. At this time, call a vet if she is still standing 10 minutes later. Labor has stopped completely and complications will probably occur. DO NOT DISTURB MARE!!!! Total labor should take no more than 30 minutes. If longer, CALL VET!! After mare delivers the foal, both will lay down for about 20-30 minutes. LEAVE THEM ALONE. THis is bonding time for momma and baby, as well as recovery time. Also, if you disturb momma and she stands up too early, you can cause premature placenta tearing, which can cause severe and QUICK bleeding of the mare, and could cause a severe uterine infection to loss of mare!!! So again, LEAVE THEM ALONE!! As foal stands up, he/she will struggle. LET THEM. This is when initial muscle control is gained. If helped, can cause muscle problems and take longer for the foal to get their footing and balance. Still, stay back and keep quiet. Call your vet after foal is out to schedule a basic exam. Do a visual check at this stage. Look for abnormal blood flow. Watch for placenta to pass. Should pass within 2-3 hours. If not, get some Banamine into her and CALL VET!!! Glance at vulva area. Look for tearing, bruising, large amounts of blood. If so, ASAP VET!! After foal is up and has had his first drink, enter the stall and get some 2% proiodine/iodine glycerine mix onto the foals naval. Do this every 6-8 hours for the first 24 hours. Watch for foal's first passing of muconium. Give enema if not passed. Vet should be out within 24-48 hours after birth to look for serious birth defects/overall health of the foal. Enema: Use a Fleet Enema you can get from Wal-greens or wal-mart, or anywhere else you can get one. ONLY 1/2 at first!! Just need to trigger movement. IF no movement within an hour of enema, give other half. Place no more than 2" inside. Also, flush with Ivory soap and warm H2O. Only use 250mL total. That is my notes. Have fun!! Good Luck to all who are getting ready to have foals hit the ground. And Congrats to those who already have them on the ground!!